Breathing in dust from silica-containing materials can lead to silicosis. Silica dust particles become trapped in lung tissue causing inflammation and scarring.
In the early stages, symptoms are mild and include cough, sputum, and progressive shortness of breath. As the scarring continues to worsen, the first real signs of a problem may be an abnormal chest X-ray and a slowly developing cough.
There is no cure for this.
A condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow, and swell, and produce extra mucus, which makes it difficult to breathe.
Asthma can be minor or it can interfere with daily activities. In some cases, it may lead to a life-threatening attack.
Asthma may cause difficulty breathing, chest pain, cough, and wheezing. The symptoms may sometimes flare up.
Asthma can usually be managed with rescue inhalers to treat symptoms and controller inhalers that prevent symptoms. Severe cases may require longer-acting inhalers that keep the airways open, as well as oral steroids.
Inflammation of the lining of bronchial tubes, which carry air to and from the lungs.
Acute bronchitis is often caused by a viral respiratory infection and improves by itself.
Symptoms of bronchitis include coughing up thickened mucus and shortness of breath.
Treatments usually include soothing remedies to help with coughing, which may last weeks.
Two major types of lung cancer are non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer. Causes of lung cancer include smoking, secondhand smoke, exposure to certain toxins, and family history.
Symptoms include cough (often with blood), chest pain, wheezing, and weight loss. These symptoms often don't appear until the cancer is advanced.
Treatments vary but may include surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, targeted drug therapy, and immunotherapy.
Longstanding disease of the kidneys leading to renal failure.
The kidneys filter waste and excess fluid from the blood. As kidneys fail, waste builds up.
Symptoms develop slowly and aren't specific to the disease. Some people have no symptoms at all and are diagnosed by a lab test.
Medications help manage symptoms. In later stages, filtering the blood with a machine (dialysis) or a transplant may be needed.
Eye exposure to silica dust particles can have a multitude of consequences, ranging from mild irritation to blindness.
You may have a sore throat from dust inhalation or even crackling sounds in your lungs.
A group of lung diseases that block airflow and make it difficult to breathe.
Emphysema and chronic bronchitis are the most common conditions that makeup COPD. Damage to the lungs from COPD can't be reversed.
Symptoms include shortness of breath, wheezing, or a chronic cough.
Rescue inhalers and inhaled or oral steroids can help control symptoms and minimize further damage.